Exlained: How the second wave of coronavirus engulfed India | India News – Times of India


NEW DELHI: India on Thursday crossed the grim milestone of 3 lakh coronavirus cases per day becoming the only second country after the US to do so, since the outbreak of the pandemic last year.
On Thursday, India reported 314,835 Covid-19 cases. This was the highest number of single-day cases reported by any country till now. The US, during its third wave of the pandemic, had reported 300,310 new cases on January 2, 2021.
The US and India are the only two countries to have reported more than 100,000 cases per day consistently. Brazil had reported its highest 100,158 cases on March 25.
The abrupt and sudden manner in which the second wave arrived in India can be seen in the below charts.

On February 1, India reported 11,427 cases. In less than 60 days, the number reached over 70,000 and breached the three-lakh mark in the next 20 days.
If the number of confirmed cases are broken down in months, the catastrophic rise in the number of cases in April becomes evident.

The second wave of coronavirus in India was led by a rise in the number of cases in Maharashtra. Four states from southern India — Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh — completed the list of five worst-hit states in the last three months.

Maharashtra contributed 63% of the country’s total share of cases. Since January, the state has contributed 19%, 37%, 63% and 32% of the total monthly cases reported in the country.

The surge in cases appears to be stabilising in the month of April in Maharashtra. The fall in the number of cases comes close on the heels of imposition of lockdown by the state.

In February, the number of people dying from coronavirus almost halved in comparison to the previous month. However, the death toll started rising as the cases surged in March. In the 20 days of April, there have been over 22,000 Covid-related fatalities.
In March, Maharashtra was contributing as many as 46% of the total Covid-related deaths in the country. In April, the percentage share of deaths dropped to 33%.
The direness of the coronavirus crisis in Maharashtra can be seen in the following chart. While the rest of the states reported less than 15,000 deaths, Maharashtra’s cumulative death toll crossed the 50,000 mark.

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