Scientists Use Water, Sunlight And CO2 To Develop Futuristic Jet Fuel

0
62


Taking carbon dioxide, water and sunlight as only inputs, researchers in Switzerland have developed carbon-neutral, sustainable versions of diesel and aviation fuel. This is the first time that fuel has been produced in a power generator rather than a lab. The team started scaling up their design in 2017 and built a solar fuel-production plant at IMDEA Energy Institute in Spain. 

As per Newsweek, researchers informed that solar-made kerosene, or jet fuel, is fully compatible with the existing way fuel is stored, distributed and used in a plane’s engine. It can also blend with fossil-derived kerosene, the team stated. 

Also Read | Dormant Black Hole Deemed ‘Needle in a Haystack’ Identified Outside the Milky Way

Further, explaining the project, they said that the production plant in Madrid consists of 169 sun-tracking reflective panels that redirect and concentrate solar radiation into a solar reactor on top of a tower. Then, the concentrated solar energy drives oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction cycles in the solar reactor, which contains a porous structure made of ceria – a white or yellow heavy powder. 

The ceria then converts water and carbon dioxide injected into the reactor into syngas, which is made of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The syngas is sent into a gas-to-liquid converter where it is finally processed into liquid hydrocarbon fuels that include kerosene and diesel. 

“We are the first to demonstrate the entire thermochemical process chain from water and CO2 to kerosene in a fully-integrated solar tower system,” said study corresponding author Professor Aldo Steinfeld, as per the outlet. 

“With our solar technology, we have shown that we can produce synthetic kerosene from water and CO2 instead of deriving it from fossil fuels,” he added. 

Also Read | Four-Legged Robot Dog With Virtual Spinal Cord Learns to Walk in One Hour

Today, airplanes are reportedly responsible for around five percent of global emissions. Their engines run on kerosene or jet fuel – a liquid hydrocarbon fuel that derives from crude oil. No clean and effective way of flying planes exists in today’s world. Therefore, producing carbon-neutral aviation fuels has become a global energy challenge.

For the latest tech news and reviews, follow Gadgets 360 on Twitter, Facebook, and Google News. For the latest videos on gadgets and tech, subscribe to our YouTube channel.

Delhi Metro Awards 300 Permits for E-Autos Driven by Women for Last-Mile Commuter Connectivity

Source link

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here